San Diego Management & Monitoring Program


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Pallid bat Antrozous pallidus

Goal: Protect pallid bat diurnal, nocturnal, and maternity roosts from destruction and human disturbance and enhance foraging habitat within commuting distance of nocturnal and maternity roosts to increase resilience to environmental and demographic stochasticity, maintain genetic diversity, and improve chances of persistence over the long-term (>100 years).

regional NFO 2017 SL

MON-RES-SPEC ANTPAL-1

Management units: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11

In 2017-2018, finalize the results of research begun in 2015 on pallid bats to identify nocturnal, diurnal, and maternity roosts, foraging areas, and water sources associated with roosts in order to identify seasonal and annual changes in use and important foraging areas, and monitor reproductive status. Collect habitat covariates associated with roosting and foraging habitat, assess threats to bats at all preserves where they occur, and develop management recommendations.
Action Statement Action status Projects
RES-1 Submit project metadata, survey data, and report with management recommendations to the MSP web portal. in progress
Criteria Deadline year
Pallid Bat Surveys and Reports Completed in 2017. 2021
Code Obj. code Statement
ANTPAL-4 MGT-PRP-MGTPL In 2018-2019, prepare a management plan for pallid bat that prioritizes management actions to protect roosts from disturbance, ensures sufficient roosts for seasonal temperature requirements and for reproduction, and enhances foraging habitat using data from annual roost monitoring and recommendations from the pallid bat research study.
local NFO 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021 SL

MON-IMP-IMG ANTPAL-2

Management units: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11

Beginning in 2017, inspect the vicinity of pallid bat roosts on an annual basis (see occurrence table), taking care not to disturb bats, and use a regional monitoring protocol to collect covariate data on human activities and other threats to determine management needs.
Action Statement Action status Projects
IMP-1 Conduct regional IMG monitoring protocol surveys to quantify signs of human activity near occupied or potential roosts and to identify other potential threats. Care should be taken to avoid disturbing roosting bats. available for implementation Pallid Bat Surveys - Sweetwater Marsh
IMP-2 Based upon threat evaluation, determine if routine management or more intensive management is warranted. available for implementation Pallid Bat Surveys - Sweetwater Marsh
IMP-3 Submit monitoring data and management recommendations to MSP web portal available for implementation Pallid Bat Surveys - Sweetwater Marsh
Criteria Deadline year
Annual IMG monitoring of Pallid bat completed 2021
Code Obj. code Statement
ANTPAL-1 MON-RES-SPEC In 2017-2018, finalize the results of research begun in 2015 on pallid bats to identify nocturnal, diurnal, and maternity roosts, foraging areas, and water sources associated with roosts in order to identify seasonal and annual changes in use and important foraging areas, and monitor reproductive status. Collect habitat covariates associated with roosting and foraging habitat, assess threats to bats at all preserves where they occur, and develop management recommendations.
local NFO 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021 SL

MGT-IMP-IMG ANTPAL-3

Management units: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11

Beginning in 2017, conduct routine management actions identified through the IMG regional protocol monitoring, including protecting occurrences from disturbance through fencing, signage, and enforcement.
Action Statement Action status Projects
IMP-1 Perform routine management activities such as protecting occurrences from disturbance through fencing, signage, and enforcement. available for implementation
IMP-2 Submit project metadata and management data to the MSP web portal. available for implementation
Criteria Deadline year
Routine Management Completed as Needed Based Upon Monitoring Recommendations 2021
Code Obj. code Statement
ANTPAL-2 MON-IMP-IMG Beginning in 2017, inspect the vicinity of pallid bat roosts on an annual basis (see occurrence table), taking care not to disturb bats, and use a regional monitoring protocol to collect covariate data on human activities and other threats to determine management needs.
regional NFO 2018, 2019 SL

MGT-PRP-MGTPL ANTPAL-4

Management units: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11

In 2018-2019, prepare a management plan for pallid bat that prioritizes management actions to protect roosts from disturbance, ensures sufficient roosts for seasonal temperature requirements and for reproduction, and enhances foraging habitat using data from annual roost monitoring and recommendations from the pallid bat research study.
Action Statement Action status Projects
PRP-1 Prioritize management actions, focusing on reducing threats and expanding occurrences in areas most likely to remain viable over the long-term in the context of future land development. available for implementation Pallid Bat Surveys - Sweetwater Marsh
PRP-2 Develop a management plan for pallid bat that prioritizes management actions for the next five years. waiting for precedent action Pallid Bat Surveys - Sweetwater Marsh
PRP-3 Identify areas where pallid bat and Townsend?s big-eared bat management can be complimentary. waiting for precedent action Pallid Bat Surveys - Sweetwater Marsh
PRP-4 Submit management plan to MSP web portal waiting for precedent action Pallid Bat Surveys - Sweetwater Marsh
Criteria Deadline year
Management Plan for Pallid bat prepared by 2018 2021
Code Obj. code Statement
ANTPAL-1 MON-RES-SPEC In 2017-2018, finalize the results of research begun in 2015 on pallid bats to identify nocturnal, diurnal, and maternity roosts, foraging areas, and water sources associated with roosts in order to identify seasonal and annual changes in use and important foraging areas, and monitor reproductive status. Collect habitat covariates associated with roosting and foraging habitat, assess threats to bats at all preserves where they occur, and develop management recommendations.
ANTPAL-2 MON-IMP-IMG Beginning in 2017, inspect the vicinity of pallid bat roosts on an annual basis (see occurrence table), taking care not to disturb bats, and use a regional monitoring protocol to collect covariate data on human activities and other threats to determine management needs.
ANTPAL-3 MGT-IMP-IMG Beginning in 2017, conduct routine management actions identified through the IMG regional protocol monitoring, including protecting occurrences from disturbance through fencing, signage, and enforcement.
regional and/or local NFO 2020, 2021 SL

MGT-IMP-MGTPL ANTPAL-5

Management units: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11

Beginning in 2020, implement highest priority management actions for pallid bats on Conserved Lands.
Action Statement Action status Projects
IMP-1 Management actions to be determined by the implementation plan. waiting for precedent action
IMP-2 Submit project data and management actions to MSP web portal waiting for precedent action
Criteria Deadline year
Management actions implemented for Pallid bat 2021
Code Obj. code Statement
ANTPAL-4 MGT-PRP-MGTPL In 2018-2019, prepare a management plan for pallid bat that prioritizes management actions to protect roosts from disturbance, ensures sufficient roosts for seasonal temperature requirements and for reproduction, and enhances foraging habitat using data from annual roost monitoring and recommendations from the pallid bat research study.
regional and/or local NFO 2020, 2021 SL

MON-IMP-MGTPL ANTPAL-6

Management units: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11

Beginning in 2020, monitor the effectiveness of management actions implemented for pallid bats on Conserved Lands.
Action Statement Action status Projects
IMP-1 Submit monitoring data and reports to MSP web portal waiting for precedent action
Criteria Deadline year
Effectiveness of Implementing Pallid Bat High Priority Actions Determined 2021
Code Obj. code Statement
ANTPAL-5 MGT-IMP-MGTPL Beginning in 2020, implement highest priority management actions for pallid bats on Conserved Lands.